Methodology Dissertation Tips

Methodology of dissertation is a key part of your project. It should provide a rationale for the research method you choose whether they are quantitative or qualitative methods, or a mixture of them. If you want to know, what is methodology in a dissertation, this is not just ‘methods’, but also a detailed explanation why specific methods are the most suitable for your research.
You should provide an academic basis for your choices. Justifications like “I thought, it would be interesting…” or “I guess…” are not enough. Explain the academic reasons of the choices you have made.

What is a methodology in dissertation?

So, let’s find out what is a methodology in a dissertation. As it has been mentioned above, methodology is a chapter of your paper that explains:

  • Methods and ways you used to carry out your research;
  • What sources were used;
  • What approach to data gathering you used;
  • What sort of data you utilized, etc.

Generally, your reader should receive enough information to use the same methods to perform a similar research. However, there is no need to include any interviews, reviews, questionnaires, etc. that you used to perform your research in this section. Here you should only explain why you decided to use certain techniques of data gathering.

Methodology for dissertation: What to include

  • Problem.
    The methodology should follow your review of the literature. To establish clear focus, you should briefly describe the central question of your project. Remember to define the main problems you are going to address.
  • Approach.
    To guide the reader, you should provide a description of your approach to research. Identify methodological aspects to attend to explain the audience that you understand the necessity and results of rigorous, detailed methodology. Include: rationale, samples of issues, justification, etc.
  • Repeatability.
    If your results can be repeated and reproduced by the other researcher, then your research methods are scientific and correct. For example, repeatability is crucial for the humanities, since it indicates great usefulness and credibility. Describe the techniques to let the further researchers reproduce or develop your ideas.
  • Previous research projects.
    Discover whether your methodology has been used for the similar works in your area. To gain authority to your methods, you should review some relevant literature that finds comparable attempts.
  • Validity.
    Any type of scientific research includes discussion of validity and reliability of methods. You should pay special attention to this part, since many errors and issues may arise on this stage including statistical significance, accuracy, and the sources of potential errors.
  • Justification.
    It is important to provide strong reasons for the methods you are going to use to carry out your research. This is one of the most essential aspects when adopting any type of methodology, especially a new and non-standard one.
  • Rationale.
    As a rule, there are several types of suggested methods for any type of research. You are recommended to critique and evaluate other potential methods in order to show that your methods are more effective. Describe pros and cons of alternative approaches and highlight how your choice is better.
  • Appendix.
    Make your methodology section focused and well-written by including indirectly relevant materials to the Appendix section of your dissertation. Those may be questionnaires, interviews and other methodological materials.
  • Generalization.
    Include ideas that address the question of how far information obtained due to your methods can be generalized. Think of this detail while designing the whole section. Generalization will make your findings more persuasive and appealing.